Piranga flava


The Hepatic Tanager is primarily found in the southwest United States through Central America and down to South America. This range makes the Hepatic Tanager the most widespread of the four tanagers found in the United States. There have been few studies done on this bird, and as of 2002, only 106 Hepatic Tanagers had been banded in the United States, wich only one bird ever being recovered.


General: 8 inches in length.

Male: Dark-red to red-orange plumage. Dark cheek patch. Grayish back, and flanks. Dark bill.

Female: Olive-yellow to orange-yellow forehead, throat, and underparts . Dark cheek patch. Grayish flanks. Grayish olive crown, nape, wings, back and tail.

Immature: Immature similar to adult female.


Open pine and pine-oak forests.


4 bluish-green eggs speckled with brown or purple, which may be concentrated near the large end. The eggs are incubated by the female and have a ? day incubation period. Fledging occurs in ? days. The nest is a flat cup made from plant fibers, grasses, and twigs. It is then lined with pine needles and other soft material.

Observed Locations:

  • South end of 4th St, Imperial Beach

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Copyright © Scott Streit, 2000.