The Mandarin Duck is highly social, flying in large flocks during winter. The Mandarin Duck is held in high regard in Japanese and Chinese cultures, where it serves as a symbol of happiness and fidelity. The bird can be found throughout Southeast Asia, Russia, and China, with the largest populations found in Japan and England.
General: 17 to 20 inches in length.
Male: Iridescent green and purplish crown extending to a long crest. Long chestnut cheek feathers. Large white crescent eye-stripe extending from bill tapering to the back of the head. Red bill. Maroon breast bordered by vertical black and white stripes. White underside. Gold and black flanks. Olive-brown back and tail. Blue-green upper tail coverts. Outer tertials are orange and gold and form a sail shape. Irridescent blue scapulars. Yellowish legs.
Female: Grayish head and neck. White eye ring and streak that tapers off towards the neck. Whitish throat and fore neck. Buff-gray breast and flanks. Gray-brown back. Grayish-black bill. Reddish-yellow legs. Wing colors similar to males but lack sails. The female resembles the female Wood Duck.
Juvenile: Resembles female. Juvenile males have a pinkish bill.
River valleys with wooded islands, forest lakes with willow-lined banks, and small forest ponds.
9-12 eggs. The eggs have a 28-30 day incubation period. Fledging occurs in 42-56 days. The female incubates the eggs the majority of the time. The nest is a down lined tree cavity.
- Lake Murray, La Mesa
- Lindo Lake, Lakeside